Geophysics & Geomatics

Our Geophysics & Geomatics division specializes in utilizing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and manned aircraft for Remote Sensing. Our services are developed in-house with our industry and academic partners and we can rapidly deploy the right solutions to meet all your data collection needs.

Our pilots, technicians, and scientists are focused on providing you with exceptional quality products, including; LiDAR, photogrammetry, magnetic, electromagnetic, radar, thermal and spectral surveys.

AXIOM GROUP also provides all necessary modelling and interpretation services and can provide you with a customized package of final deliverables.


LiDAR, or Light Detection And Ranging, is a sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser in order to measure ranges (variable distances) to the Earth from various types of platforms. As such, it allows precise generation of three-dimensional information about specific areas or surfaces such as trees, buildings, and other infrastructure.

  • Digital Elevation/Surface Models (DEM/DSM)
  • Slope Analysis
  • Drainage Analysis
  • Powerline Inspections
  • Forestry Applications
  • Volumetrics


Photogrammetry works by obtaining images of the targeted point from as many positions and locations as possible. The Photogrammetry software uses data elicited from those images to create “point clouds”. Photogrammetry is best used in non-vegetated areas where the surface of interest is unobstructed from view, such as desert terrains or mining and earthwork projects.

  • Site Inspections
  • Orthomosaics
  • Digital Elevation/Surface Models (DEM/DSM)
  • Volumetric Measurements
  • Stockpile Volumes
  • Cut & Fill Analysis
  • Cross Sections, & Grading Profiles

UAV Magnetics & Helicopter-borne Gradiometry

Magnetic surveys are highly specialized geophysical surveys widely used in the mineral exploration industry to provide a detailed look into geological subsurface structure and to advance mineral exploration. We are experts in this field and employ several different types of UAV magnetometers to meet your projects technical needs.

For UAV magnetic surveys, we have both lightweight potassium and cesium vapour and magnetometers as well as a wide range of UAV’s to choose the right aircraft for the job.

For large surveys, or for where gradiometer data is advantageous, we also fly manned helicopters and provide gradient magnetic surveys with three specially designed potassium vapour magnetometers mounted in a triaxial array. The data from the three individual sensors allows us to measure the horizontal and vertical gradients of the magnetic field. Horizontal gradient measurements provide details about the lateral extent of subsurface anomalies located between survey lines. Vertical gradients can assist significantly in identifying geologic/ structural contacts and near-surface targets. Measuring these gradients directly is a significant advantage when compared to a single sensor of a conventional total field system.


Electromagnetic (EM) surveys evaluate changes in the conductivity of the ground. Whether it be frequency or time domain EM surveys, Axiom can facilitate several different EM survey options based on your project’s needs. This would include airborne, borehole and ground-based methods.

  • Mineral Exploration
  • Locating Buried Pits or Sumps
  • Subsurface Contamination Mapping
  • Locating Buried Metal or Other Conductive Objects

Ground Penetrating Radar

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a shallow looking, non-invasive, subsurface investigation technique capable of mapping interfaces in a cross-sectional format. GPR measures the propagation time of high frequency electromagnetic pulses that are reflected from interfaces between materials of different electrical properties.

  • Delineating Subsurface Structures
  • Ground Water Investigation
  • Locating Buried Objects Or Cavities
  • Ice Road Integrity Surveys

Multispectral & Hyperspectral

Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery refers to images which contain color bands beyond the normal RGB values. These camera sensors can collect light waves that are beyond human eye perception and are processed into additional color bands contained as part of the aerial or satellite image.

  • Crop Health Analysis
  • Pest & Invasive Species Detection
  • Species Classification & Stand Discrimination
  • Biomass & Growth Monitoring
  • Mineral Exploration
  • Hydrocarbon Detection
  • Environmental Remediation


Thermal imaging captures thermal infrared light, which allows us to identify and quantify heat energy. By detecting this infrared light, it is possible to produce images, or heat maps, of how much heat energy is being released as waste into the atmosphere.

  • Infrastructure & Utilities Inspection
  • Solar Panel Inspection
  • Pipeline Inspection
  • Herd & Invasive Species Monitoring
  • Search & Rescue


Our geologists, engineers, scientists and technicians have the key experience and provide the necessary attention to detail which ensures that the goals set in your office are achieved in the field.